For many students burrowing down the GMAT Preparation rabbit hole, the most daunting component is that part of the exam that has been a staple of our standardized testing career—reading comprehension. Though we’ve been taught over the years many differing strategies to tackle the reading section, you will surely find as you embark on your GMAT preparation that GMAT reading comprehension is quite a different beast.
GMAT Reading Comprehension—A Sizable Chunk of Your Verbal Score
The GMAT Verbal Section contains three question types: Critical Reasoning, Sentence Corrections, and Reading Comprehension, amounting to 36 questions for which you will have 65 minutes to complete. On any given verbal section, you will most likely see 3 or 4 passages, each containing 3 or 4 questions. Thus, reading comprehension comprises about a third of your verbal score.
The reading passages are designated as short or long, and usually you will be faced with 2 or 3 short passages (200-250 words) and one longer passage (300+ words). Thankfully, these lengths are a bit friendlier than the 700-900-word passages on other standardized tests, but brevity by no means makes them easier.
As the GMAT is a question adaptive exam, the reading passages are presented on the left half of your computer screen (and you are able to scroll up and down within the passage), and each question will appear in succession on the right. You cannot move on to the next question until you have answered the one that appears in front of you. Thus, you cannot skip over a reading question (and return later); nor can you return to a previous question to change your answer. Based on this unique structure, you will need to alter your usual reading comprehension strategy derived from previous standardized tests. Here’s what we would recommend:
GMAT Reading Comprehension—Tip 1: Read the Whole Passage
The content of the reading passages on the GMAT tends to be very technical, dense, and detail oriented. You simply cannot afford to “skim” the passage or cherry pick certain sentences. Ya gotta read it all! And you have to practice this reading process as much as you can. Here is how you might approach the passage.
GMAT Reading Comprehension—Tip 2: Read Selectively and Proactively
It might seem weird to think that you have to “learn how to read” the GMAT passage, but in many ways you have to adjust your “real world” approach to reading. We are so conditioned to reading for content that we lose sight of how to read for structure and style.
On GMAT passages you must read critically, focusing not only on what is being said, but also, even more importantly, on how it’s being said. You must analyze the passage, focusing on the author’s purpose (Why did he/she sit down to write this piece?). On this same higher level of awareness, you should analyze the author’s style and tone. Overall, is this a description, an explanation, or an argument?
Consequently, you should try to identify and interpret various contextual clues:
- Shift words (yet, but, however, etc.) – Often key points are made via contrast
- Continuity words (consequently, moreover, indeed, etc.)
- Paragraph function: make it a point to trace the relationship of each paragraph and how it structurally fits into the main idea
GMAT Reading Comprehension—Tip 3: Consider Bullet-Pointing
Most students immediately dismiss the idea of taking any kind of notes on GMAT passages. And it’s true, your time is limited per passage, and you have either a whiteboard or an acetate booklet to deal with. But many students do find it helpful to jot down some bullet points on a limited basis. It’s not that difficult to pick out 2 or 3 points per passage, and it can definitely help organize your thoughts.
GMAT Reading Comprehension—Tip 4: Pace Yourself
As discussed above, you will see 3 or 4 passages, each with 3 or 4 questions. In addition to general pacing guidelines for the GMAT, consider the following:
- Reading Comprehension – about 6 – 8 minutes per passage
- 2 – 3 minutes – Critically Reading the Passage
- 1.5 minutes per question
With continued practice, you will naturally pick up speed and accuracy.
GMAT Reading Comprehension—Tip 5: Call Us for Your GMAT Prep
In our 35+ years of tutoring, we’ve found that a strategy-first approach works best. The GMAT is no exception. While our Elite and Premier Prep GMAT tutoring programs do teach content, we focus mostly on testing strategies. Your tutor will help you figure out which topics and question types need the most work, then teach you ways to overcome those questions. Of course, time management will be a very large component of the process. This is a very learnable test, so all it takes is some time and determination! If you haven’t started working with us yet, browse our tutors and get started today!